Trichomoniasis Test

Trichomoniasis Test



Trichomoniasis test


     Trichomoniasis infection is diagnosed based on history, which will include questions about sexual life and sexual habits and a physical exam. In women, physical examination includes visual inspection of genitalia, of the vagina and cervix, for detect red spots caused by the parasite. Any vaginal discharge will be evaluated based on color, smell and consistency and it will be examined a sample of this secretion. In men, physical examination includes examining the penis and a sample of urethral secretions.

     Trichomoniasis tests which are performed to identify the parasite are:

  • Most common in women, the microscopic examination of vaginal discharge; the procedure identify the parasites in 60-70% of cases
  • Other tests available but less used, are parasite culture, with an identification rate of 95% but less used, because physical examination and microscopic examination make the diagnosis correctly; the procedure is still used, especially in infected men
  • DNA sampling, which detects genetic material of the parasite; it is another consideration, but is very rare and usually within research studies.

     In women, the parasite can be identified after the Pap test result, which is made as a routine, like a screening method for cervical cancer to gynecological regularly. The accuracy of this test to identify the parasite varies according to specialists. However, if trichomoniasis is identified from this test it will begin the treatment.


Diagnosis


     This parasite presence is put out by direct microscopic examination of a drop of vaginal discharge, urinary sediment or culture of vaginal discharge (in women) or urine (in men). It is very important to go back to the doctor after the treatment. Physicians should determine if the prescribed medications have completely healed you

     Trichomoniasis is a common infection of the vagina. Some women may notice an increase in vaginal discharge that may smell bad and can have a white-yellow or greenish-yellow color. Many women have no signs of the disease. Men can also take the disease and may serve as carriers.




How is trichomoniasis transmitted?


     Trichomoniasis is transmitted through direct contact with an infected person. But the microbe can live on wet items too (towels, clothes, caps, toilet, showers, saunas) for several hours.


What are the consequences?


     Trichomoniasis is rarely dangerous but can be unpleasant because it produces vaginal itching and secretions and pain on urination. Men often do not show signs of illness. Few of them may feel burning when urinating and after sex.


How to detect trichomoniasis?


     This disease is detected by microscopic test, where you can see how the parasite move in secretions collected from the vagina or urethra.


How is it treated?


     Usually with a drug called metronidazole. It is in the form of pills, suppositories or vaginalis cream (ointments). This medicine may not be taken by pregnant or breastfeeding within the first month. So tell the doctor if you think you are pregnant. The treatment must be completed and you should not consume alcohol during this period. The alcohol reacts with metronidazole and can be very bad. This medicine can cause nausea (vertigo) that is recommended by taking them to lunch. Wear cotton underwear and casual clothes as keeping the area dry and hastens the healing. Use cold compresses to relieve itching.


Does trichomoniasis treatment work?


     Usually, yes. The partner must also follow the treatment to avoid infecting yourself again.


Can I infect others?


     Yes, but usually only your partner is at risk of getting sick. Men usually do not show signs of the disease but can pass the disease and can infect you again.


When can I start being sexual active?


     After the signs disappear and your treatment and your partner are complete.