Trichomoniasis Infection

Trichomoniasis Infection

Trichomoniasis infection - Physiophatogenic mechanism

     Trichomoniasis infection occurs through unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected sexual partner. Many women and most men have no symptoms after infection. If symptoms appear, it usually happens in the first week of infection. However, symptoms can occur anytime between 1 and 6 months since the trichomoniasis infection.

     Trichomoniasis infection requires treatment to prevent transmission to other partners and to prevent complications that can occur in pregnant women.

     Both the infected person and partner must be treated simultaneously to avoid reciprocal re-infection. Sometimes the trichomoniasis infection is spread by contact with an object (for example a wet towel) that an infected person has just used. Since the parasite can not survive on objects for a long time, this form of infection is rare. Equally rare is the transmission from mother to child during a vaginally birth.

     Consult specialist in case of trichomoniasis infection

Emergency medical advice is recommended if:

  • Lower abdominal pains and fever over 38.3 degrees C appear, together with abnormal vaginal secretions
  • The characteristic symptoms of vaginal infections or lower urinary tract in a pregnant woman.

Medical advice is recommended if:

  • Is an abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Unusual vaginal itching, appears
  • Sex partner was recently diagnosed or treated for trichomoniasis infection

Medical specialists recommended in case of trichomoniasis infection

     Health professionals who can diagnose and treat the disease are:

  • GP
  • Physician
  • Gynecologist
  • Doctor-urologist (for men)

     Trichomoniasis is an infection caused by a protozoan flagellate (micro-organism, microscopic parasite) called Trichomonas vaginalis. The main way of transmitting of this infection is unprotected sex, but the parasite also resist in the external environment too under normal conditions, therefore, can be infected through contact with objects (Dry caps, underwear, towels infected, etc.).

     In pregnant women, there is also the risk of transmission of this disease in the fetus, only if it is female. The symptoms of this disease appear at a time from four days up to three weeks after the infected unprotected sex.

The trichomoniasis infection manifests differently for the two sexes:

     In men, in most cases the disease shows no symptoms, or, if occurring, symptoms consist of urethral secretions, pus, colorless or pale yellow-green type "drop morning" with or without itching, pain and tingling or burning on urination. Among the complications we mention the inflammation of the gland and prepuce, prostates and rarely epidimits.

     In women, the risk that the symptoms occur is greater. To them is attacked the vagina, vulva (which is inflamed), and urethra. Symptoms of vaginal infection with this parasite are abundant vaginal secretions yellow-green color with odor (leucorrhea) accompanied by irritation and itching in the vaginal area, pain on urination and pain if you have sex. This disease can also affect the urethra, and in this case can cause symptoms or no, the symptoms may be pain, itching and burning during urination.

     The symptoms of the trichomoniasis infection, whether it is an infection of the vagina, or it is an infection of the uterus is more pronounced before menstruation and after intercourse, pain can also occur even during sex.

     Left untreated, trichomoniasis infection can lead to infection of the prostate, epididymis infection and sometimes loss of fertility. In case of pregnancy in women, the disease increases the possibility of premature birth and its transmission to the child, if it is female.

     Treatment consists of antibiotics, for both partners, especially metronidazole, to the doctor recommendation.