Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease. It requires treatment to prevent transmission to other partners and to prevent trichomoniasis complications that can occur in pregnant women. Both men and women can contract the disease, but it is more common in women.
Pathogen incubation period is between 2 and 38 days. The infection left untreated, in men can sometimes lead to the infection of epididymis or to the infection of the prostate gland (prostatitis) and sometimes trichomoniasis complications such as infertility occur.
In women, in case of pregnancy, the infection increases the likelihood of premature birth or it can be transmitted at birth if the fetus is female. Because Trichomonas vaginalis infection affects the natural balance of vaginal area, gaving birth to a alkaline environment, often vaginitis occurs too.
Condom use in order to prevent trichomoniasis complications
Safe sex (with the use of condom) decreases the risk of contacting sexually transmitted disease. It must be put before starting intercourse. We recommend using condoms with new partners until it is certain that he or she does not have any sexually transmitted disease. To prevent trichomoniasis infection it is important to use the condoms correctly.
It is recommended using a diaphragm, even though the girl takes contraception drugs to reduce your risk of a sexually transmitted disease. Diaphragm can be used by women whose partner does not have or refuse to use a condom.
The positive diagnosis is established based on your symptoms, based on the clinical examination and on the laboratory tests. The laboratory examination of a drop of urethral secretion in men or vaginal discharge in women is determining the origin of the trichomoniasis disease. To highlight this parasite in the urine, the examination of urine in the morning is very important too. In men is also practice the digital rectal examination, when it is found that the prostate and the seminal vesicles are painful.
The treatment is done simultaneously on both partners, the risk of contamination being permanently if they treat only one of them. Today there is specific drug treatment for this parasite which is administered by mouth. In women there is also indicated a local treatment, vaginal, with ovules. The proper treatment can only be prescribed by a practitioner, who according to the patient and to the disease characteristics will recommend the appropriate medicines. Self-medicamentation is the most dangerous gesture that can be made by an ignorant patient, who can so easily trigger some serious adverse side effects.
Being a disease that is transmitted sexually, it can only be prevented by using condoms, especially when there is occasional sexual contact. Proper hygiene with soap and water to the genital area in both partners is essential. Preventive, it is recommended disinfection of toilets seats, the bathtubs, and toilet articles, in order to prevent trichomoniasis complications.
10-15% of apparently healthy women were diagnosed with trichomonas vaginalis. In about 10% of cases, in men epididymitis with trichomonas can occur, as complication of urethritis caused by this parasite.
What are some symptoms of trichomoniasis?
Both men and women can become infected with trichomoniasis. Many people infected with this disease have no symptoms.
In women, the symptoms include:
In men, the symptoms include: