Trichomoniasis STD

Trichomoniasis STD



Trichomoniasis STD


     Trichomoniasis is a vaginal infection or a genital tract in man produced by Trichomonas vaginalis. Trichomonas vaginalis is a flagellated protozoan (consisting of a single microscopic cell in the shape of a pear, whose body has 3 to 5 flagella, cilia sort) and measuring approximately 7 to 10 micrometers but can sometimes reach a length of 25 micrometers. It is a parasite of natural cavities.

     Trichomoniasis is frequently found in women between 16 and 35 and affects approximately 20 to 25% of them during the period of fertility. At this point it is at the origin of vaginitis (inflammation of the lining of the vagina that covers the inside of the hollow organ).

     It is also the cause of urethritis (inflammation of the urethra: the canal that carries urine from the bladder to the outside) and sometimes cystitis (bladder inflammation). Trichomoniasis is a sexual transmitted disease.

     For men trichomoniasis STD is apparently at the origin of about 7 to 10% of urethritis, but the parasite is difficult to identify. The most common is that the human carries the parasites and transmitted it forward, but without any symptoms. This is how he unknowingly infects his sexual partners. In most cases, infection with trichomonas is associated with gonorrhea (gonococcus infection) and other sexually transmitted diseases. The gonococcus is a species of bacteria belonging to the genus Neisseria, specific to venereal disease and is characterized by inflammation of the genitals and by a purulent discharge.

     The transmission of trichomoniasis STD is not made only by sexual intercourse, the parasite can survive for several hours on the hands, on toilet articles such as a towel, a swimsuit, used towels and more. The humidity and an alkaline medium (opposite of acid) promote the survival and multiplication of the parasite.

     It was also described oral trichomoniasis associated with gingivitis (inflamed gums) and glossitis (inflamed tongue). These diseases are caused by Trichomonas tenax and intestinal trichomoniasis. These germs in combination with trichomonas intestinalis were also the cause of enteritis (inflammation of the digestive tract), and diarrhea.


What is trichomoniasis STD?


     Trichomoniasis is a very common vaginal infection that occurs in some women and manifest in the increase of the vaginal secretions, which can be smelly and yellowish or greenish. Many women and men do not present any symptoms.




How can you contract trichomoniasis STD?


     By direct contact, usually sexual, with an infected person. However, the germ can survive on wet objects (towels, toilet seats, douching equipment, saunas, etc.) for several hours.


What are the effects of trichomoniasis STD?


     Trichomoniasis STD is rarely dangerous, but its symptoms can be very unpleasant. The affected person may present with vaginal discharge, itching and burning sensation when urine. Men often have no symptoms; some have a burning sensation during urination or after sexual intercourse. Treatment must undergo immediately.


What is the recommended treatment?


     Usually it is prescribed metronidazole tablets, suppositories or vaginal cream. The tablets should not be taken early in pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Women who are pregnant or believe they are should be preventing their doctor.

     You must follow the course of treatment and not drink alcohol two days after finishing taking the tablets. The alcohol reacts with the tablets and can cause severe illness. In addition, this drug may cause nausea. To avoid this side effect, take the tablets with meals. Wear cotton underwear and loose clothing to keep dry the infected area, in order to speed the healing. To relieve itching, apply cold compresses or bathing seat.


The treatment is effective?


     Generally, yes, but the sexual partner should also be treated; otherwise the infection will occur again.


Trichomoniasis STD is it transmitted?


     Yes, but only to sexual partners. Men do not have symptoms but can transmit the disease. If the sexual partner is not treated at the same time as his/her partner, the infection will reappear.


When can we start to have sex?


     After the disappearance of symptoms and the end of treatment, and after the partner has been treated.


Monitoring trichomoniasis STD is important?


     Yes. It must follow a test to ensure that it healed.

     Do not forget:

  • Follow the treatment as directed until the end;
  • Wait two days after finishing taking the tablets before drinking alcohol;
  • Follow-up examinations requested by the doctor or treatment center;
  • Prevent the partner, if any, because men with this disease usually do not accuse symptoms;
  • Wait until it has been treated before having sex with him.
  • In the future, use a condom to reduce the risk of infection.