Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis



Trichomoniasis


     Trichomonas vaginalis is a condition faced by many women. Even if it is unpleasant, the same condition does not endanger fertility.

     Trichomonas vaginalis is a parasite called trichomoniasis and the vaginal disease. If a woman has the disease it should not be frightened at the thought that because of this disease she will not have children, especially as it is a condition that can be treated easily and extremely simple.

     It is therefore not necessary screening of a women who want to have children and who had the disease. However, testing for the disease is extremely simple and can be done simply by examination of vaginal discharge to detect the parasite. Diagnosis can be put on the spot, even in the gynecology office, provided the doctor to have a microscope. This is because the disease is easily recognizable by a specialist.

     Infection with the parasite that causes vaginal trichomoniasis is exclusively sexually transmitted. The treatment is simple and effective. In about 95% of cases, the disease is cured after the first cure. The failures of the treatment are usually when the partner did not treat himself or one of the partners got reinfected. Therefore, the therapy of this disease should be required to couple therapy.


The disease has very unpleasant events


     Even if it is not a dangerous disease, especially it's obvious that it should be treated for its manifestations not at all pleasant. Vaginal discharge usually has an unpleasant smell and causes intense irritation of the vagina and labia. Secretion is a characteristic greenish color and stains the underwear. It is often associated with urination events (urinating often) and discomfort when urinating.

     Trichomoniasis manifests also by itching and burning in the genital area. In terms of treatment, it consists of a single oral dose. Just in case of relapses it will move to a larger treatment. After the treatment was completed, a control is not necessary to confirm the effectiveness of treatment, since the disappearance of the characteristic disease symptoms actually mean healing. Trichomoniasis vagina is not a disease that leads to the appearance of complications. The only problem with this disease is related only to events that are occurring and which are very unpleasant.




Vaginal trichomoniasis may be confused with other genital diseases?


     In some areas where there are endemic sexually transmitted diseases, vaginal trichomoniasis may be confused with gonococcus infection. It is therefore important by the first symptoms the woman to present at doctor for a diagnosis. In any case, treatment should not be done until the recommendation of the doctor.


Preventing STDs


     It is a general rule that it is much easier to prevent a disease or illness than to treat it. This principle applies to sexually transmitted diseases and the basic rule is to avoid excessive sexual lives and unprotected sexual contacts with persons suspected of such infections. It was noted that biological changes that occur during puberty in the body of a teenager it develop the risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections, so it is recommended to postpone the start of sexual life to mature, at least some of the physical and psychic.

     Also, unprotected sexual contacts with infected people or carriers of causative agents expose the partner with the highest degree of infestation. It is therefore extremely important to use methods of protection (condoms, latex barriers), especially in high risk behavior.


What are the complications of infection with Trichomoniasis?


     In rare cases, infection with Trichomoniasis can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, which can cause infertility, chronic pelvic pain or ectopic pregnancy.

     If the infection occurs in a pregnant woman, the child birth may be premature or the baby may have a low birth weight. This disease can cause small lesions and inflammation that may increase the risk of HIV infection.

     In men complications can occur such as epididymitis (inflammation of the epididymis). Epididymis is a cylindrical body located behind each testicle, a kind of small tubes coming out of the testis, and extending into the vas deferens, or sperm channel, which opens in urethra. The epididymitis channel is microscopic and very long. Inside it, the sperm cells, produced by the testes, completes their maturation process.

     On examination the vulva and perineum, they are irritated and sometimes swelling is observed (increase in tissue volume due to fluid infiltration) of the extern labia vagina. The examination revealed the presence of small red spots and increased vaginal discharge.

     Trichomoniasis diagnosis is made by microscopic examination of vaginal or urethral secretions (examined fresh or after staining).

     It is also possible that the parasite to be found in the sediment of centrifuged urine. Centrifuged urine sediment is a deposit that forms the basis of the urine tube (after it was centrifuged). The sediment is examined microscopically (directly) or placed in culture. Analysis can also verify the presence or absence of other sexually transmitted diseases.

     In some cases, injuries caused by Trichomoniasis can be detected through Pap test. The Pap test is used to identify abnormal cell changes in the cervix and cervical cancer screening. Pap test can not detect sexual transmitted infections. If trichomoniasis is identified after this test, treatment will begin.

     DNA sampling, which detects genetic material of the parasite is another consideration, but is very rare and usually within research studies.